Oil-and-gas facilities are exposed to the following threats:
- Incidents at main pipelines or at pipeline route equipment;
- Unlawful acts to steal the product (tie-ins) and property.
All this can result not only in a significant economic damage, but also in severe environmental consequences, e.g. spills of oil and oil products spoil the environment, which in turn creates an additional negative effect on the financial and image-building components of the facility owner.
Often, oil-and-gas communications can have typically not only an extensive length, which is comparable with the length of borders of some states, they can also be located in hard-to-reach places including in terrains with harsh climates, therefore, measures to organise monitoring and protection should be put in place as a single package.